01 October

1890 : Creation of Yosemite National Park


On 1 October 1890, Congress created Yosemite National Park to protect the ecosystem endangered by the installation of settlers and mining. It is located in the Sierra Nevada in California and has an area of ​​2500 km2. Today, three million people a year come to visit and admire the Yosemite Falls, the Half Dome, El Capitan and the giant sequoias.

1908 : Model T Ford


On 1 October 1908, Ford released its first production Model T, a basic model of car much more affordable than the vehicles of that time. In order to lower its costs, Ford produced only one model in one color and developed a system of assembly line work in its factories. Ford sold 15 million Model T until 1927.

1918 : Lawrence of Arabia takes Damascus from the Turks


On 1 October 1918, Arab and British forces captured the city of Damascus, after a long war of attrition and ongoing guerilla on the Turkish lines, with an effective strategy of Colonel T.E. Lawrence, known as Lawrence of Arabia.

1946 : Reading the verdict at the Nuremberg Trials


On 1 October 1946, in the trial of officials of the Third Reich for conspiracy, crime against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity, the Nuremberg trials, judges read their verdict and expressed the guilt of the accused and pronounced their sentences. 3 of the 24 accused were acquited, even if they were sentenced later by a denazification court, and 12 were sentenced to death.

1971 : Opening of Disney World in Florida


On 1 October 1971, the Walt Disney World opened near Orlando, Florida. The theme park was the Magic Kingdom. As in, the park expanded with many new attractions and has an area of 101km2 today.

: 01 October

Koromogae in Japan
October 1 is the Koromogae, change of clothes day, in Japan. Long sleeves and winter uniforms come out of the closets. There are still some adjustments by region due to the great disparity in temperatures between them.
Unification Day in Cameroun
October 1 is the Unification Day in Cameroon. While the commemoration of the 1st October 1961 is not very celebrated today, it is a very important date in the history of Cameroon as it marks the reunification of the Anglophone Cameroon and the Francophone Cameroon.
National Day in Nigeria
October 1 is National Day of Nigeria which celebrates its independence gained against the United Kingdom on 1 October 1960.
National Day in China
October 1st is Chinese National Day which celebrates the creation of the People's Republic of China on 1 October 1949, with the victory of the Chinese Communist Party on the Kuomintang which members went into exile in Taiwan.
National Day of the archipelago of Tuvalu
October 1st is National Day in the archipelago of Tuvalu, which celebrates its independence gained against the United Kingdom on 1 October 1978.

: 01 October

Jimmy Carter
The best way to enhance freedom in other lands is to demonstrate here that our democratic system is worthy of emulation.

: 01 October

Pierre Baillot, French composer and violinist (1771)
Charles Cros, French poet and inventor (1842)
Paul Dukas, French composer (1865)
William Boeing, American aviation pioneer (1881)
Vladimir Horowitz, Russian American pianist (1903)
Bonnie Parker , American outlaw (1910)
Walter Matthau, American actor (1920)
James Whitmore, American actor (1921)
Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize (1924)
Tom Bosley, American actor (1927)
Richard Harris, Irish actor (1930)
Philippe Noiret, French actor (1933)
Julie Andrews, English actress and singer (1935)
Stella Stevens, American actress (1938)
Jean-Luc Bideau, Swiss actor (1940)
Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French racing driver (1942)
Jean-Jacques Annaud, French director (1943)
Jean-Pierre Castaldi, French actor (1944)
Dave Arneson, American game designer (Dungeons & Dragons) (1947)
Stephen Collins, American actor (1947)
Peter Blake, New Zealand navigator (1948)
Andr Rieu, Dutch violinist (1949)
Randy Quaid, American actor (1950)
Jeane Manson, American singer (1950)
Youssou N'Dour, Senegalese singer (1959)
Esai Morales, American actor (1962)
Rupert Friend, English actor (1981)
Jlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer (1981)
Jurnee Smollett, American actress (1986)
George Peppard, American actor (1994)

Ils nous ont quitt un 01 October

Pierre Corneille, French playwright (1684)
Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (1929)
E. B. White, American writer (1985)
Sacheverell Sitwell, English writer (1988)
Richard Avedon, American photographer (2004)
Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed