è successo un 01 Dicembre

1913 : Installation of the first assembly line at a Ford plant

On 1 December 1913, Henry Ford installed the first assembly line in one of his Ford T plant. The goal was to increase the speed of construction of a vehicle in order to lower the price for the consumer and therefore sell more. The assembly of a car took 12 hours before the installation of the assembly line and only 30 minutes afterwards.

1934 : Beginning of a 4-year Stalinist purge

On 1 December 1934, Stalin organised the murder of his main opponent in the Soviet Communist Party Politburo, Sergei Kirov. During the four years that followed, millions of people were murdered, imprisoned or deported for the most trivial reasons.

1955 : Rosa Parks launches bus boycott

On 1 December 1955, Rosa Parks, an American civil rights activist, refused to give up her seat for a white man in a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, as required by the segregation laws of the city. She was arrested and then, at the instigation of Martin Luther King, a boycott of the city busses by black population (70% of users) was organised that lasted a year, until the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court States, on november 13th, 1956, which stated that the segregation laws of the city were anti-constitutional.

1958 : Fire in a school in Chicago

On 1 December 1958, a fire broke out in the basement of a Catholic school in Chicago. Protective measures against fire were virtually nonexistent, no alarm sounded and no effective evacuation was organized, as the fire spread quickly. 92 students and three nuns were killed.

1959 : The Antarctic becomes a demilitarized zone

On 1 December 1959, nations with interests in Antarctica signed a treaty banning the testing of weapons and any military activity on the continent. This policy of demilitarization of Antarctica is still in force today.

2009 : Entry into force of Lisbon Treaty

On December 1st, 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon amending the European institutions, entered into force after being ratified by all members of the European Union. The treaty changed the rules of representation by country, increasing the area of the decisions taken by qualified majority rather than unanimity, tranformed the Central Bank into a European institution and changed the functioning of the judiciary.

Novità del giorno : 01 Dicembre

World AIDS Day
December 1st is World AIDS Day. This day was established at the initiative of the World Health Organization in 1988. The theme for 2011 is: Target Zero, no new infection, no deaths due to virus and no discrimination. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS provides objectives for four years.

Citazione del giorno : 01 Dicembre

Woody Allen
I am not afraid of death, I just don't want to be there when it happens.

Compleanni : 01 Dicembre

Marie Tussaud, Creatrice francese di sculture in cera (1761)
Rex Stout, Scrittore americano (1886)
Georgy Zhukov, Generale russo (1896)
Morris, Vignettista belgo (1923)
Martin Rodbell, Biochimico americano, premio Nobel per la Medicina (1925)
Woody Allen, Attore e regista americano (1935)
Pierre Arditi, Attore francese (1944)
John Densmore, Musicista americano (The Doors) (1944)
Tahar Ben Jelloun, Scrittore marocchino (1944)
Bette Midler, Cantante e attrice americana (1945)
Alain Bashung, Cantante francese (1947)
Pablo Escobar, Signore della droga colombiano (1949)
Sebastián Piñera, Presidente cileno (1949)
Treat Williams, Attore americano (1951)
Antoine de Caunes, Presentatore televisivo, attore e regista francese (1953)
Cyrielle Clair, Attrice francese (1955)
Claire Chazal, Giornalista francese (1956)
Charlene Tilton, Attrice americana (1958)
Loïck Peyron, Navigatore francese (1959)
Jeremy Northam, Attore inglese (1961)
Sylvie Daigle, Pattinatrice canadese (1962)
Edouard Baer, Attore e regista francese (1966)
Emily Mortimer, Attrice inglese (1971)
Costinha, Calciatore portoghese (1974)
Matt Fraction, Vignettista americano (1975)
Brad Delson, Musicista americano (Linkin Park) (1977)
Christos Melissis, Calciatore greco (1982)
Emiliano Viviano, Calciatore italiano (1985)
Janelle Monáe, Cantante americana (1985)

Ci hanno lasciato un 01 Dicembre

Go-Komatsu, Imperatore del Giappone (1433)
Maurice Greene, Compositore inglese (1755)
Sergey Kirov, Uomo politico sovietico (1934)
G. H. Hardy, Matematico inglese (1947)
Darío Moreno, Cantante turco (1968)
David Ben-Gurion, Politico israeliano (1973)
James Baldwin, Scrittore americano (1987)
Stéphane Grappelli, Violinista francese (1997)
Claude Jade, Attrice francese (2006)
Vue mer : crédit photo Aseed