04 December

1783 : Washington returned to civilian life


On December 4, 1783, George Washington announced to the officers under his command that he resigned. Washington led the troops of the American Continental Army against the British until the final victory in 1781 and then to the Treaty of Paris of 1783, recognizing the independence of the United States. He returned to civilian life at his home in Mount Vernon, Virginia. He was called back in 1789 to become the first U.S. President.

1952 : Smog kills thousands of people in London


On December 4, 1952, while a high pressure system immobilized the air above the Thames, a cold snap came from the west, increasing the use of coal for heating. The cloud of soot and sulfur dioxide, due to pollution from industries, vehicles and private consumption, reached such a level that the visibility was almost zero. During four days, until its dissipation on December 9, smog caused accidents of trains and of cars, and numerous respiratory distress. At least 12000 people were killed.

1991 : Release of Terry Anderson


On December 4, 1991, the American hostage in Lebanon, Terry Anderson, is released. The journalist had been kidnapped on March 16, 1985 by Hezbollah. Hezbollah launched a campaign of kidnappings of Westerners in the wake of attacks on French and American military bases and embassies in 1982 and 1983 to avoid reprisals.

1992 : U.S. troops in Somalia


On December 4, 1992, President Bush ordered 28,000 U.S. troops to Somalia to help distribute humanitarian aid diverted by military groups as the country was in civil war. 1 million people suffered from famine. The troops stayed 15 months and despite their will - and some disastrous operations - no improvement was made in the resolution of the civil war. They were gradually replaced by United Nations troops from May 1993 who stayed until 1995. The civil war continues, nearly 20 years later.

: 04 December

George Washington
Few men have virtue to withstand the highest bidder.

: 04 December

Samuel Butler, English writer (1835)
Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator (1892)
Greg Pappy Boyington, American fighter ace during World War II (1912)
Claude Renoir, French director (1913)
Mark Robson, Canadian director (1913)
Grard Philipe, French actor (1922)
Lino Lacedelli, Italian mountaineer (1925)
Horst Buchholz, German actor (1933)
Victor French, American actor (1934)
Jeff Bridges, American actor (1949)
Patricia Wettig, American actress (1951)
Jean-Pierre Darroussin, French actor (1953)
Sergue Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter (1963)
Marisa Tomei, American actress (1964)
Mike Barrowman, American swimmer (1968)
Shawn Corey Carter (Jay-Z), American rapper (1969)
Kevin Sussman, American actor (1970)
Tyra Banks, American model (1973)
Kristina Groves, Canadian speed skater (1976)
Jeff Taylor, Canadian computer scientist (1979)
Waldo Ponce, Chilean footballer (1982)
Lindsay Felton, American actress (1984)

Ils nous ont quitt un 04 December

Armand Jean du Plessis, cardinal de Richelieu, French politician (1642)
Robert Jenkinson, comte de Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1812-1827) (1828)
Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1945)
Hannah Arendt, German philosopher (1975)
Rouben Mamoulian, American director (1987)
Frank Zappa, American singer (1993)
Gloria Lasso, French -Spanish singer (2005)
Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed