08 October

1871 : Beginning of the Great Chicago Fire


On October 8, 1871, at 9 p.m., a fire broke out at a private home in the south west of Chicago. The fire spread quickly and soon a big part of the city was burning. The fire came under control only on October 10. 250 people were killed. Thousands of buildings were destroyed and 100,000 people - one third of the population - became homeless.

1967 : Che Guevara arrested


On October 8, 1967, the Argentine revolutionary Che Guevara was arrested by the Bolivian forces, aided by the CIA. He was executed the following day. Che Guevara played a major role in the Cuban Revolution between 1956 and 1959. He then helped the rebels in Congo. In 1966 he came to Bolivia to train an anti-government guerrilla group. After his death, he became a revolutionary icon and his stylized portrait is universally known.

1982 : Solidarity banned


On October 8, 1982, the Solidarity trade union was prohibited by the Polish authorities. Solidarity (or Solidarność ) is a group of trade unions of different branches in Poland, which was created on August 31, 1980, during the strikes in the Gdansk shipyards, which was headed at that time by Lech Wałęsa. 10 million of workers out of 13 were grouped in this union. Solidarity was authorized again for the democratic elections of 1989.

2005 : Earthquake in Kashmir


On October 8, 2005, an earthquake of moment magnitude 7.6 struck the Kashmir border region between Pakistani and India. 75,000 people were killed and many more are injured. 3 million people in the region were left homeless. Infrastructure having been destroyed, it was difficulty to reach this remote area to provide basic supplies. The disaster was further accentuated by the harsh winter which arrived a few weeks after the earthquake and slow reconstruction.

: 08 October

Independance Day in Burundi
October 8 is the Independence Day in Burundi, which commemorates its independence gained against Belgium on October 8, 1962.

: 08 October

Lech Walesa
He who puts out his hand to stop the wheel of history will have his fingers crushed.

: 08 October

Henry Le Chatelier, French chemist (1850)
Otto Warburg, German physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1883)
Juan Pern, 2th and 41st President of Argentina (1895)
Julien Duvivier, French director (1896)
Rouben Mamoulian, American director (1897)
Paulette Dubost, French actress (1910)
Rodney Porter, English biochemist, Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology (1917)
Jens Christian Skou, Danese chemist, Nobel Prize (1918)
Csar Milstein, Argentine biochemist, Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology (1927)
Paul Hogan, Australian actor (1939)
Jean-Claude Gaudin, French politician (1939)
Jesse Jackson, American politician (1941)
Chevy Chase, American comedian (1943)
R. L. Stine, American writer (1943)
Jean-Jacques Beineix, French director (1946)
Claude Jade, French actress (1948)
Sigourney Weaver, American actress (1949)
Michael Dudikoff, American actor (1954)
Stephanie Zimbalist, American actress (1956)
Franois Prusse, Quebecois comedian (1960)
Matt Biondi, American swimmer (1965)
Emily Procter, American actress (1968)
Leeroy Thornhill, English musician (The Prodigy) (1968)
Jeremy Davies, American actor (1969)
Anne-Marie Duff, English actress (1970)
Matt Damon, American actor (1970)
Mick O'Driscoll, Irish rugby player (1978)
Nick Cannon, American actor (1980)
Molly Quinn, American actress (1993)
Bella Thorne, American actress (1997)

Ils nous ont quitt un 08 October

Fushimi, Emperor of Japan (1317)
Yongzheng, Emperor of China (1735)
Henry Fielding, English writer (1754)
Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States (1869)
Nigel Bruce, English actor (1953)
Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1945-1951) (1967)
Jean Giono, French writer (1970)
Philip Noel-Baker, English politician, Nobel Peace Prize (1982)
Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany (1969-1974) (1992)
Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed