It happened one 10 June

1935 : Creation of Alcoholics Anonymous

On 10 June 1935, two former alcoholics create Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in New York. It is a rehabilitation program in 12 steps that helped a great number of people to cope with alcoholism. The goal is to stay sober and help other people staying sober, respecting the steps and the anonymity of people in discussion groups.

1940 : Norway surrendered to Germany

On June10, 1940, two months after the start of the German invasion of the country, Norway is forced to surrender.
The Nazis established a very oppressive puppet government. In response, the Norwegian resistance organized itself and became one of the most efficient in Europe.

1940 : Italy declares war to England and France

On June 10, 1940, pursuant to its agreements with Germany, Italy declared war to the United Kingdom and France. Despite its lack of heavy equipment and little precipitation to engage in combat, Italy did not want to let Germany to invade Africa or France alone and wanted to get territorial concessions.

1944 : Massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane

On June 10, 1944, Waffen-SS soldiers from the 2nd SS Panzer-Division Das Reich, gathered all the inhabitants of Oradour-sur-Glane, in the Haute-Vienne to shoot them and burn them. 642 people were massacred. The village remained in the state and another one was built nearby.

1979 : Paul Newman in the 24h of Le Mans

On June 10, 1979, Paul Newman finished 2nd in the 24h of Le Mans. He is 54 years old. He is a big fan of racing cars and was trained as a race driver for the film Winning 10 years ago and had since followed a career amateur on racing tracks.

Latest news : 10 June

National Day of Portugal
June 10 is National Day of Portugal. On this day we celebrate the Portuguese poet Luís de Camões, who died on June 10, 1580, who contributed greatly to the Portuguese national movement and is still considered as the greatest poet of the country.

Quote of the day : 10 June

Paul Newman
If you don't have enemies, you don't have character.

Birthdays : 10 June

Gustave Courbet, French painter (1819)
Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (1825)
André Derain, French painter (1880)
Terence Rattigan, English playwright (1911)
Saul Bellow, Canadian-born American writer, Nobel Prize in Literature (1915)
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Consort of Queen Elizabeth II (1921)
Judy Garland, American singer and actress (1922)
Robert Maxwell, English newspaper magnate (1923)
James McDivitt, American astronaut (1929)
Jürgen Prochnow, German actor (1941)
Chantal Goya, French singer (1942)
Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress (1963)
Vincent Pérez, French actor (1964)
Elizabeth Hurley, English model (1965)
David Platt, English footballer (1966)
Faith Evans, American singer (1973)
Shane West, American actor (1978)
Tara Lipinski, American figure skater (1982)
Andy Schleck, Luxembourgish cyclist (1985)

They left us one 10 June

André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (1836)
Ernest Chausson, French composer (1899)
Pierre Loti, French novelist and naval officer (1923)
Antoni Gaudí, Catalan architect (1926)
Frederick Delius, English composer (1934)
Sigrid Undset, Norwegian novelist, Nobel Prize in Literature (1949)
Spencer Tracy, American actor (1967)
Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German director (1982)
Louis L'Amour, American writer (1988)
Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (1971 - 2000) (2000)
Ray Charles, American musician (2004)
Ginette Garcin, French actress (2010)

Tip of the Day : 10 June

How to choose a pineapple

First, we should avoid pineapples with dark spots which may occur from shock or burn.
If the odor is too strong, it means that there is fermentation.
To determine if it is mature, pull the leaf from the middle at the top and if it comes off, the pineapple is ripe. If it comes by itself, it is too ripe.
Then you hit the fruit lightly with the palm of your hand : if the noise is muffled, it is juicy, and if the sound is hollow, there is not enough pineapple juice.
Once purchased, the pineapple should be eaten within 2 or 3 days. It is a fruit that is small guard : at room temperature, it ferments and it can not stand the cold too long.

* Warning

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