It happened one 13 June

1944 : V1 attack on England

On 13 June 1944, the Germans launched 10 of their new V1 rockets on civilian targets in Britain. During the first attack, the impreciseness limited the number of victims.

1966 : Miranda Rights

On June 13, 1966, the United States Supreme Court delivered its decision in Miranda v Arizona that established the principle that every person should be informed of his or her rights before any questioning.
Hence the famous maxim, with some variations according to jurisdictions: You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can, and will, be used against you in court of law. You have the right to an attorney. If you cannot afford one, one will be appointed to you.
This principle is known worldwide because of its regular use in the American TV series.

1971 : Pentagon Papers released by the New York Times

On June 13, 1971, the New York Times began publishing the so-called Pentagon Papers, a study by the Defense Department on government policy in the Vietnam War. This study demonstrated the lies and manipulations of the government towards the US people in order to make them support the policy of the Cold War in Asia and the Vietnam War.

1986 : Tutu met Botha

On 13 June 1986, the South African Anglican bishop and Nobel Peace laureate Desmond Tutu met with South African President Pieter Botha to discuss the state of emergency declared after anti-apartheid demonstrations in the country.
Tutu was appointed Archbishop of Cape Town on September 7th, 1986.

Quote of the day : 13 June

Desmond Tutu
When the missionaries came to Africa they had the Bible and we had the land. They said : Let us pray. We closed our eyes. When we opened them we had the Bible and they had the land.

Birthdays : 13 June

W. B. Yeats, Irish poet, Nobel Prize in Literature (1865)
Basil Rathbone, English actor (1892)
Dorothy L. Sayers, English writer (1893)
Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (1946-1969) (1901)
Luis Walter Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel Laureate (1911)
Ben Johnson, American actor (1918)
Malcolm McDowell, English actor (1943)
Ban Ki-moon, 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1944)
Tim Allen, American comedian (1953)
Grigori Perelman, Russian mathematician, Fields Medal (declined) (1966)
David Gray, English musician (1968)
Florent Malouda, French footballer (1980)
Chris Evans, American actor (1980)
Kenenisa Bekele, Ethiopian long-distance runner, world champion and olympic champion (1982)
Ashley Olsen, American actress, producer and fashion designer (1986)
Mary-Kate Olsen, American actress, producer and fashion designer (1986)
Aaron Johnson, English actor (1990)
Kodi Smit-McPhee, Australian actor (1996)

They left us one 13 June

Georg von Békésy, Hungarian biophysicist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1972)
Matthew Garber, English actor (1977)
Benny Goodman, American jazz musician (1986)
Geraldine Page, American actress (1987)
Éric Tabarly, French navigator (1998)
Lane Smith, American actor (2005)
Tim Russert, American journalist (2008)

Tip of the Day : 13 June

Eliminate aphids from rosebush

To eliminate aphids roses without using chemicals harmful to the environment, mix 1 liter of water, 100g of liquid soap made with linseed oil and potassium hydroxide, and lemongrass in a sprayer.
Spray on your roses or plant attacked by aphids. These should disappear quickly.

* Warning

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