è successo un 14 Agosto
1900 : The foreign legations in Beijing are released by an international force
On August 14, 1900, the foreign legations in Peking under siege by the Boxers since June 20, 1900, were released by an international expeditionary force.
The Boxers were part of a secret society seeking to end the Chinese imperial system and the control of foreigners on the Chinese economy which had ruined entire regions. The Chinese Empress Tz'u Hsi had yet used the revolt to besiege the foreign legations.
This incident, called 55 Days at Peking, ended with a bloody repression of the Chinese population by the troops and settlers from certain countries and eventually ended by the trusteeship of China. The Boxer Rebellion was ended by a peace treaty in September 1901.
1941 : Signature of the Atlantic Charter
On August 14, 1941, the Atlantic Charter was approved by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
The charter stated the principles on which both countries had decided to base their foreign policies : no territorial conquest, right of peoples to self-determination, low trade barriers, economic progress, social security, peace between nations, disarmament of aggressive nations.
These principles were included in the UN Declaration of 1942 and the United Nations Charter of 1945.
The Atlantic Charter written by the United States and Britain, and approved by telegraph by both parties, did not have in fact any signed version : the only statement with the two signatures was found in the Roosevelt's papers and the two signatures were in his own handwriting.
1974 : Beginning of the second Turkish invasion in Cyprus
On August 14, 1974, Turkey launched its second invasion on the island of Cyprus. It took over 40% of the country and 200,000 Greek Cypriots were evicted from their homes and became refugees in the Greek part of the island.
2007 : Qahtaniya Attacks
On August 14, 2007, four simultaneous bombings occurred in the towns of Jazeera and Qahtaniya near Mosul in Iraq. 796 people were killed and 1562 others were injured. The bombings targeted the Yazidi Kurdish minority. No claim had been made of the attacks, but Iraqi authorities believed they were perpetrated by Sunni extremists.
Novità del giorno : 14 Agosto
|National Day in Pakistan
August 14 is the National Day of Pakistan which commemorates its creation on August 14, 1947 at the time of the partition of British India into two independent states.
Citazione del giorno : 14 Agosto
You can always count on Americans to do the right thing - after they've tried everything else.
Compleanni : 14 Agosto
|Hanazono, Imperatore del Giappone (1297)|
|Doc Holliday, Giocatore d'azzardo e pistolero americano (1851)|
|Ernest Thayer, Poeta americano (1863)|
|John Galsworthy, Scrittore inglese, Premio Nobel per la letteratura (1867)|
|Guangxu, Imperatore della Cina (1871)|
|Pierre Schaeffer, Compositore francese (1910)|
|Georges Prêtre, Direttore d'orchestra francese (1924)|
|René Goscinny, Fumettista francese (Asterix, Lucky Luke) (1926)|
|Richard R. Ernst, Chimico svizzero, Premio Nobel (1933)|
|David Crosby, Musicista americano (1941)|
|Steve Martin, Attore americano (1945)|
|Wim Wenders, Regista tedesco (1945)|
|Antonio Fargas, Attore americano (1946)|
|Danielle Steel, Romanziere americana (1947)|
|Carl Lumbly, Attore americano (1951)|
|James Horner, Compositore americano (1953)|
|Magic Johnson, Giocatore di basket americano (1959)|
|Emmanuelle Béart, Attrice francese (1963)|
|Halle Berry, Attrice americana (1966)|
|Catherine Bell, Attrice americana (1968)|
|Tracy Caldwell Dyson, Astronauta americano (1969)|
|Jay-Jay Okocha, Calciatore nigeriano (1973)|
|Romane Bohringer, Attrice francese (1973)|
|Giorgio Chiellini, Calciatore italiano (1984)|
Ci hanno lasciato un 14 Agosto
|Paul Sabatier, Chimico francese, premio Nobel (1941)|
|William Randolph Hearst, Giornale magnate americano (1951)|
|Bertolt Brecht, Scrittore tedesco (1956)|
|Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Fisico francese, Premio Nobel (1958)|
|Oscar Levant, Attore americano (1972)|
|Jules Romains, Scrittore francese (1972)|
|Patrick Magee, Attore irlandese (1982)|
|Enzo Ferrari, Fondatore della Scuderia Ferrari (1988)|