eso ha pasado un 15 Octubre

1894 : Alfred Dreyfus arrested

On October 15, 1894, young captain Alfred Dreyfus was arrested for spying because he was Jewish. The evidence was inconclusive and the real culprit was clearly identified in 1896. But because of an extremely violent anti-Semitic campaign of anti-Dreyfusards for years, Dreyfus was only rehabilitated in 1906, thanks to the action of his supporters like Anatole France, Henri Poincare, Georges Clemenceau and particularly Emile Zola.

1945 : Pierre Laval is executed for high treason

On October 15, 1945, former Premier Pierre Laval was executed for high treason by the French authorities. Pacifist and anti-communist politician in the 1930s, he had become a zealous collaborator and a puppet of Hitler when he became head of the Vichy government during the war. When France was liberated, he fled to Germany and then to Spain, from which he was expelled before joining Austria, where he surrendered to the U.S. authorities who extradited him to France.

1951 : First synthesis of a progestin by the Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes

On October 15, 1951, Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesized the norethindrone, the progestin to be used in the first oral contraceptive pills.

1966 : Creation of the Black Panther Party

On October 15, 1966, the Black Panther party was created by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in Oakland, California to protect African Americans against police brutality. The party engaged in leftist ideologies and had a great influence in U.S. politics in the 1960s and 1970s.

1990 : Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize

On October 15, 1990, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the Cold War, its democratic and economic reforms and its policy of nonintervention in the upheavals of Eastern Europe countries.

Actualidad del día : 15 Octubre

Global Handwashing Day
October 15 is Global Handwashing Day, a campaign to promote the act of washing hands with soap to prevent the spread of disease.

Cita del día : 15 Octubre

Huey Newton
You can jail a Revolutionary, but you can't jail the Revolution.

Cumpleaños : 15 Octubre

James Tissot, Pintor francés (1836)
Friedrich Nietzsche, Filósofo alemán (1844)
Paul Reynaud, Político francés (1878)
P. G. Wodehouse, Novelista inglés (1881)
Mervyn LeRoy, Director de cine americano (1900)
John Kenneth Galbraith, Economista estadounidense (1908)
Yitzhak Shamir, Séptimo primer ministro de Israel (1915)
Malcolm Ross, Aeronauta estadounidense (1919)
Mario Puzo, Escritor americano (1920)
Henri Verneuil, Director de cine francés (1920)
Michel Foucault, Filósofo francés (1926)
Jean Peters, Actriz americana (1926)
Michel Aumont, Actor francés (1936)
Fela Kuti, Músico nigeriano y activista de derechos humanos (1938)
Peter C. Doherty, Inmunólogo australiano, Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina (1940)
Penny Marshall, Directora de cine estadounidense (1942)
Eric Charden, Cantante francés (1942)
David Trimble, Político de Irlanda del Norte, Premio Nobel de la Paz (1944)
Richard Carpenter , Músico estadounidense (1946)
Chris de Burgh, Cantante irlandés (1948)
Tanya Roberts, Actriz americana (1955)
Mira Nair, Directora de cine india (1957)
Jorge Campos, Futbolista mexicano (1966)
Didier Deschamps, Futbolista francés (1968)
Dominic West, Actor inglés (1969)
Andrew Cole, Futbolista inglés (1971)
David Trezeguet, Futbolista francés (1977)
Paul Robinson, Futbolista inglés (1979)
Tom Boonen, Ciclista belgo (1980)
Elena Dementieva, Jugadora de tenis rusa (1981)
Bruno Senna, Pilota de Formula Uno brasileño (1983)
Walter Alberto López, Futbolista uruguayo (1985)
Mesut Özil, Futbolista alemán (1988)
Bailee Madison, Actriz americana (1999)

Nos han dejado un 15 Octubre

Mata Hari, Espía holandesa (1917)
Raymond Poincaré, Político francés (1934)
Pierre Laval, Político francés, ejecutado por alta traición (1945)
Hermann Göring, Político alemán (1946)
Cole Porter, Compositor estadounidense (1964)
Thomas Sankara, Político de Burkina Faso (1987)
Delphine Seyrig, Actriz francesa (1990)
Konrad Emil Bloch, Bioquímico alemán estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Medicina o Fisiología (2000)
Vue mer : crédit photo Aseed