15 October

1894 : Alfred Dreyfus arrested


On October 15, 1894, young captain Alfred Dreyfus was arrested for spying because he was Jewish. The evidence was inconclusive and the real culprit was clearly identified in 1896. But because of an extremely violent anti-Semitic campaign of anti-Dreyfusards for years, Dreyfus was only rehabilitated in 1906, thanks to the action of his supporters like Anatole France, Henri Poincare, Georges Clemenceau and particularly Emile Zola.

1945 : Pierre Laval is executed for high treason


On October 15, 1945, former Premier Pierre Laval was executed for high treason by the French authorities. Pacifist and anti-communist politician in the 1930s, he had become a zealous collaborator and a puppet of Hitler when he became head of the Vichy government during the war. When France was liberated, he fled to Germany and then to Spain, from which he was expelled before joining Austria, where he surrendered to the U.S. authorities who extradited him to France.

1951 : First synthesis of a progestin by the Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes


On October 15, 1951, Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesized the norethindrone, the progestin to be used in the first oral contraceptive pills.

1966 : Creation of the Black Panther Party


On October 15, 1966, the Black Panther party was created by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in Oakland, California to protect African Americans against police brutality. The party engaged in leftist ideologies and had a great influence in U.S. politics in the 1960s and 1970s.

1990 : Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize


On October 15, 1990, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the Cold War, its democratic and economic reforms and its policy of nonintervention in the upheavals of Eastern Europe countries.

: 15 October

Global Handwashing Day
October 15 is Global Handwashing Day, a campaign to promote the act of washing hands with soap to prevent the spread of disease.

: 15 October

Huey Newton
You can jail a Revolutionary, but you can't jail the Revolution.

: 15 October

James Tissot, French painter (1836)
Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (1844)
Paul Reynaud, French politician (1878)
P. G. Wodehouse, English novelist (1881)
Mervyn LeRoy, American director (1900)
John Kenneth Galbraith, American economist (1908)
Yitzhak Shamir, 7th Prime Minister of Israel (1915)
Malcolm Ross, American balloonist (1919)
Henri Verneuil, French director (1920)
Mario Puzo, American writer (1920)
Michel Foucault, French philosopher (1926)
Jean Peters, American actress (1926)
Michel Aumont, French actor (1936)
Fela Kuti, Nigerian musician and human rights activist (1938)
Peter C. Doherty, Australian immunologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1940)
Eric Charden, French singer (1942)
Penny Marshall, American director (1942)
David Trimble, Politician from Northern Ireland, Nobel Peace Prize (1944)
Richard Carpenter , American musician (1946)
Chris de Burgh, Irish singer (1948)
Tanya Roberts, American actress (1955)
Mira Nair, Indian director (1957)
Jorge Campos, Mexican footballer (1966)
Didier Deschamps, French footballer (1968)
Dominic West, English actor (1969)
Andrew Cole, English footballer (1971)
David Trezeguet, French footballer (1977)
Paul Robinson, English footballer (1979)
Tom Boonen, Belgian cyclist (1980)
Elena Dementieva, Russian tennis player (1981)
Bruno Senna, Brazilian Formula One racing driver (1983)
Walter Alberto Lpez, Uruguayan footballer (1985)
Mesut zil, German footballer (1988)
Bailee Madison, American actress (1999)

Ils nous ont quitt un 15 October

Mata Hari, Dutch spy (1917)
Raymond Poincar, French politician (1934)
Pierre Laval, French politician, executed for high treason (1945)
Hermann Gring, German politician (1946)
Cole Porter, American composer (1964)
Thomas Sankara, Burkinabe politician (1987)
Delphine Seyrig, French actress (1990)
Konrad Emil Bloch, German-American biochemist, Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology (2000)

: 15 October

To flour a fish


To flour a fish without putting floor everywhere and have sticky fingers, you can put the fish and the flour in a (clean) plastic bag and shake it all.

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Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed