è successo un 16 Giugno

1881 : Jules Ferry Laws

On June 16, 1881, one of Jules Ferry laws creates free public education for all. The following year, primary education is compulsory and public education is non-religious. The goal is to alphabetize the French who are not as educated as their European neighbors, strengthen the Republic and secularity and to impose French on the whole territory at the expense of regional languages.

1896 : A tsunami devastated the coasts of Japan

On the night of 15 to 16 June 1896, a tsunami following an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 that occurred at nearly 200km from the coast of the island of Honshu in Japan, reached the northeastern coast of the island. Waves up to 35 meters destroyed entire villages such as Kamaishi. Between 20,000 and 27,000 people were killed. The same area was hit by a tsunami following the earthquake of March 11, 2011.

1958 : Hungarian leader Imre Nagy executed

On June 16, 1958, former Prime Minister Imre Nagy was executed by the authorities in his country after a sham trial.
Having been the architect of reforms that had not been endorsed by Moscow in the early 50s, he was expelled from the Communist Party. He was recalled during the popular uprising of 1956. He left the Warsaw Pact, and chose parliamentary democracy and neutrality.
However, one of his ministers, János Kádár formed a conter-government and ask the Soviet army to intervene. On November 4th 1956, 2500 tanks and 200,000 Soviet troops entered Hungary and suppressed the uprising. Thousands of civilians were killed. Imre Nagy was arrested, deported and eventually executed two years later.

1961 : Nureyev defects

On June 16, 1961, Soviet Kirov ballet dancer prodigy, Rudolf Nureyev defected in Paris while his company was leaving the country. It was a blow to the Soviet government which was spreading propaganda about artistic freedom in Russia. Nureyev continued his career in England, the United States and Paris and is one of the greatest dancers and choreographers in the history of dance.

1963 : First woman in space

On June 16, 1963, Valentina Tereshkova, a young Russian cosmonaut, became the first woman to travel in space. Aboard Vostok 6, she made 48 orbits around the earth between 16 and 19 June 1963.

1972 : A tunnel collapsed in Vierzy

On June 16, 1972, the railway tunnel collapsed in Vierzy (Aisne) on two railcars. 108 people were killed and 111 injured. The accident was due to the vibrations of trains in a old tunnel which was at that time being renovated.

2010 : Catastrophic flood in the Var

On 15 and 16 June 2010, torrential rains caused floods in the region of Draguignan, Var. 25 people were killed and damage totaled nearly one billion euros.

Citazione del giorno : 16 Giugno

Rudolf Noureev
Technique is what you fall back on when you run out of inspiration.

Compleanni : 16 Giugno

Geronimo, Leader degli Apache Chiricahua (1829)
Stan Laurel, Attore comico inglese (1890)
Georg Wittig, Chimico tedesco, premio Nobel (1897)
Helen Traubel, Cantante lirica americana (1899)
Barbara McClintock, American genetista, premio Nobel per la Fisiologia e Medicina (1902)
Juan Velasco Alvarado, Presidente del Perù (1968 - 1975) (1910)
Eileen Atkins, Attrice inglese (1934)
Joyce Carol Oates, Scrittrice americana (1938)
Giacomo Agostini, Moto Racer (122 Grand Prix vince, 15 titoli del World Championships) (1942)
Joan Van Ark, Attrice americana (1943)
Laurie Metcalf, Attrice americana (1955)
Arnold Vosloo, Attore sudafricano (1962)
Bénabar, Cantante francese (1969)
Nikos Machlas, Calciatore greco (1973)
Thomas Dutronc, Musicista francese (1973)
Alexandre Astier, Attore e regista francese (1974)
Lyndsey Marshal, Attrice inglese (1978)
Martin Stranzl, Calaciatore austriaco (1980)
Miguel Villalta, Calciatore peruviano (1981)
Urby Emanuelson, Calciatore olandese (1986)
Keshia Chanté, Cantante canadese (1988)

Ci hanno lasciato un 16 Giugno

Johann Adam Hiller, Compositore tedesco (1804)
Charles Sturt, Esploratore inglese (1869)
Marie Laveau, Professionista americana di Voodoo da New Orleans (1881)
Ernst Schröder, Matematico tedesco (1902)
Imre Nagy, Primo Ministro ungherese (1958)
Elsa Triolet, Scrittrice francese (1970)
Wernher von Braun, Razzo scienziato tedesco (1977)
Nicholas Ray, Registra americano (1979)
Vue mer : crédit photo Aseed