eso ha pasado un 19 Octubre

1781 : Victory of the Franco-American forces at Yorktown

On October 19, 1781, 8000 British soldiers surrendered to Franco-American forces, 7000 French soldiers supported by a large fleet and 7500 U.S. men, in the town of Yorktown, Virginia. This battle marked the end of the American Revolution. Negotiations were initiated and the United States was recognized by the Treaty of Paris of Sept. 3, 1783.

1812 : Napoleon's army retreated

On October 19, 1812, Napoleon Bonaparte's Grande Armée was defeated in Moscow and had to retreat. It was a disaster : the soldiers were exhausted, hungry and constantly harassed by the Russian army. 400,000, out of the 500,000 men who had invaded Russia on June 24, 1812, died.

1956 : Joint Declaration of the Soviet and the Japanese

On October 19, 1956, the Soviet Union and Japan made a joint statement recognizing to be no longer at war. The Soviet Union declared war on Japan in 1945 and had not signed the Peace Treaty of 1951 due to territorial problem about the Kuril Islands, problems still existing 55 years later.

1973 : Nixon refuses to turn over the Watergate tapes

On October 19, 1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon refused to provide the Watergate tapes requested by the decision of a Court of Appeal.

Cita del día : 19 Octubre

Auguste Lumière
My invention, (the motion picture camera), can be exploited... as a scientific curiosity, but apart from that it has no commercial value whatsoever.

Cumpleaños : 19 Octubre

James Butler, Duc d'Ormonde, Político y soldado anglo-irlandés (1610)
Cassius Clay, Abolicionista estadounidense (1810)
Auguste Lumière, Inventor francés (1862)
Miguel Asturias, Escritor guatemalteco, Premio Nobel de Literatura (1899)
Marguerite Perey, Física francesa (1909)
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Astrofísico indio americano, Premio Nobel de Física (1910)
Paul Robert, Lexicógrafo francés (1910)
Jean Dausset, Inmunólogo francés, Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina (1916)
John le Carré, Escritor inglés (1931)
Michael Gambon, Actor inglés y irlandés (1940)
John Lithgow, Actor americano (1945)
Philip Pullman, Escritor inglés (1946)
Robert Hue, Político francés (1946)
Deborah Blum, Escritora americana (1954)
Thierry Beccaro, Presentador de televisión francés (1956)
Agnès Jaoui, Actriz et directora de cine francesa (1964)
Jon Favreau, Actor y director de cine estadounidense (1966)
Yoko Shimomura, Compositor japonés (1967)
Snoop Dogg, Rapper estadounidense (1971)
Pras, Músico estadounidense (1972)
Raúl Tamudo, Futbolista español (1977)
Habib Beye, Futbolista senegalés (1977)

Nos han dejado un 19 Octubre

George Pullman, Inventor estadounidense (1897)
Ernest Rutherford, Químico y físico británico, premio Nobel de Química (1937)
Camille Claudel, Escultora francesa (1943)
Nathalie Sarraute, Escritora francesa (1999)
Tom Bosley, Actor americano (2010)
Vue mer : crédit photo Aseed