è successo un 19 Ottobre

1781 : Victory of the Franco-American forces at Yorktown

On October 19, 1781, 8000 British soldiers surrendered to Franco-American forces, 7000 French soldiers supported by a large fleet and 7500 U.S. men, in the town of Yorktown, Virginia. This battle marked the end of the American Revolution. Negotiations were initiated and the United States was recognized by the Treaty of Paris of Sept. 3, 1783.

1812 : Napoleon's army retreated

On October 19, 1812, Napoleon Bonaparte's Grande Armée was defeated in Moscow and had to retreat. It was a disaster : the soldiers were exhausted, hungry and constantly harassed by the Russian army. 400,000, out of the 500,000 men who had invaded Russia on June 24, 1812, died.

1956 : Joint Declaration of the Soviet and the Japanese

On October 19, 1956, the Soviet Union and Japan made a joint statement recognizing to be no longer at war. The Soviet Union declared war on Japan in 1945 and had not signed the Peace Treaty of 1951 due to territorial problem about the Kuril Islands, problems still existing 55 years later.

1973 : Nixon refuses to turn over the Watergate tapes

On October 19, 1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon refused to provide the Watergate tapes requested by the decision of a Court of Appeal.

Citazione del giorno : 19 Ottobre

Auguste Lumière
My invention, (the motion picture camera), can be exploited... as a scientific curiosity, but apart from that it has no commercial value whatsoever.

Compleanni : 19 Ottobre

James Butler, Duc d'Ormonde, Uomo politico e soldato anglo-irlandese (1610)
Cassius Clay, Abolizionista americano (1810)
Auguste Lumière, Inventore francese (1862)
Miguel Asturias, Scrittore guatemalteco, premio Nobel per la letteratura (1899)
Marguerite Perey, Fisica francese (1909)
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Astrofisico indiano americano, Premio Nobel per la Fisica (1910)
Paul Robert, Lessicografo francese (1910)
Jean Dausset, Immunologo francese, Premio Nobel per la Fisiologia e Medicina (1916)
John le Carré, Scrittore inglese (1931)
Michael Gambon, Attore inglese e irlandese (1940)
John Lithgow, Attore americano (1945)
Philip Pullman, Scrittore inglese (1946)
Robert Hue, Uomo politico francese (1946)
Deborah Blum, Scrittrice americana (1954)
Thierry Beccaro, Presentatore televisivo francese (1956)
Agnès Jaoui, Attrice e regista francese (1964)
Jon Favreau, Attore e regista americano (1966)
Yoko Shimomura, Compositore giapponese (1967)
Snoop Dogg, Rapper americano (1971)
Pras, Musicista americano (1972)
Raúl Tamudo, Calciatore spagnolo (1977)
Habib Beye, Calciatore senegalese (1977)

Ci hanno lasciato un 19 Ottobre

George Pullman, Inventore americano (1897)
Ernest Rutherford, Chimico e fisico britannico, premio Nobel per la Chimica (1937)
Camille Claudel, Scultrice francese (1943)
Nathalie Sarraute, Scrittrice francese (1999)
Tom Bosley, Attore americano (2010)
Vue mer : crédit photo Aseed