20 October

1935 : End of the Long March of Mao

On October 20, 1935, Mao Zedong arrived in the Shensi Province, in north western China with 4,000 survivors and after 368 days of walking. They had fled the siege by nationalist more than a year earlier.

1944 : The Americans landed on the island of Leyte in the Philippines

On October 20, 1944, 100,000 American troops landed on the island of Leyte in the Philippines to prepare for the invasion of General MacArthur in the country. The battles on the island of Leyte were among the bloodiest of the war. The Battle in the Leyte Gulf, with the largest fleet that Japan assembled during the war, was extremely difficult but marked the beginning of the end for the Japanese army.

1973 : Opening of the Sydney Opera House

On October 20, 1973, the Sydney Opera House, designed by Danish architect Jrn Utzon was inaugurated. Its specific form makes it the symbol of the city. Today, 3000 events are presented each year in its various theater, concert or opera houses.

1976 : Ferry accident on the Mississippi River

On October 20, 1976, the MV George Prince ferry was struck by a Norwegian tanker and sank while it was crossing the Mississippi River in Louisiana. 78 people were killed. 7 years later, the crossing could be done through a bridge to be more than 3 km long, the Luling Bridge.

: 20 October

Mashujaa Day
October 20 is the Mashujaa Day in Kenya. Until 2010, this day was Kenyatta Day which celebrated the father of the nation, Jomo Kenyatta, first president of the country. Today, we celebrate the heroes who fought for independence in 1963.

: 20 October

Arthur Rimbaud
The only thing unbearable is that nothing is bearable.

: 20 October

Henry Temple, Lord Palmerston, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1784)
Arthur Rimbaud, French poet (1854)
Charles Ives, American composer (1874)
Bela Lugosi, Hungarian actor (1882)
Margaret Dumont, American actress (1882)
James Chadwick, English physicist, Nobel Laureate (1891)
Frederic Dannay (Ellery Queen), American writer (1905)
Jean-Pierre Melville, French director (1917)
Art Buchwald, American humorist (1925)
Roger Hanin, French actor (1925)
Jerry Orbach, American actor (1935)
Daniel Prvost, French actor (1939)
Andr Santini, French politician (1940)
Christiane Nsslein-Volhard, German biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1942)
Claude Srillon, French journalist (1950)
Danny Boyle, English director (1956)
Patrick Saint-loi, French singer (Kassav) (1958)
Viggo Mortensen, American actor (1958)
David M. Evans, American director (1962)
Sonia Dubois, French journalist (1963)
Dannii Minogue, Australian singer (1971)
Nicola Legrottaglie, Italian footballer (1976)
John Krasinski, American actor and director (1979)
Fabrice Jeannet, French fencer (1980)
Florent Sinama Pongolle, French footballer (1984)
Ksenia Semenova, Russian gymnast (1992)

Ils nous ont quitt un 20 October

Richard Francis Burton, English explorer (1890)
Arthur Henderson, Scottish politician, Nobel Peace Prize (1935)
Herbert Hoover, 31st President of the United States (1964)
Ronnie Van Zant, American singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (1977)
Steve Gaines, American musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (1977)
Cassie Gaines, American singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (1977)
Paul Dirac, English physicist, Nobel Prize (1984)
Anthony Quayle, English actor (1989)
Joel McCrea, American actor (1990)
Burt Lancaster, American actor (1994)
Bernard Fresson, French actor (2002)
Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed