28 September

1066 : William the Conqueror landed on England


On September 28, 1066, while King Harold II of England was busy fighting against the Norwegian forces and those of his brother Tostig, who had views on the throne and attacked by Scotland, William the Conqueror landed on the English soil by Pevensey near Hastings in Sussex with 7000 men. After the battle of Hastings on October 14th during which King Harold II was killed, William the Conqueror took London and the throne of England by the end of the year.

1791 : Emancipation of the Jews in France


On September 28, 1791, France was the first country to emancipate its Jewish population. The Jews lived at that time in communities separated from the rest of the population and had limited rights. With emancipation, the Jews became full citizens. Throughout the 19th century, other European countries and the United States made more or less similar decisions. However, it was not until 1917 that Russia decided emancipation. In Germany, Jews lost all their rights again in 1933 before being physically eliminated.

1928 : Discovery of penicillin


On September 28, 1928, in his laboratory in London, the Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming discovered that a culture of staphylococci, left in a corner before he left on vacation, had been invaded by a blue-green mold that had produced a substance that prevented bacteria growth. He called this substance penicillin. This was later developed for human medicine by, among others, biochemists Howard Florey, Ernst Boris Chain and Norman Heatley.

1994 : Sinking of the Estonia


On September 28, 1994, a ferry making the connection between Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, and Stockholm in Sweden, the Estonia, capsized in a storm off the coast of Finland. Most ferry passengers found themselves trapped inside the ship while others died of hypothermia or drowned in freezing water. There were only 137 survivors of the 989 people on board.

: 28 September

World Rabies Day
September 28, the anniversary of the death of Louis Pasteur, is the World Rabies Day, which highlights the progress that remains to be done in the fight against rabies in the world, particularly in Africa and Asia where 99% of fatal cases of this disease occurred.

: 28 September

Prosper Mrime, French writer (1803)
Georges Clemenceau, French politician (1841)
Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (1852)
Paul Villard, French chemist and physicist (gamma rays) (1860)
Al Capp, American cartoonist (1909)
Diosdado Macapagal, 9th President of the Philippines (1910)
Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (1924)
Brigitte Bardot, French actress (1934)
Janet Munro, English actress (1934)
J. T. Walsh, American actor (1943)
Marielle Goitschel, French alpine skier (1945)
Helen Shapiro, English singer (1946)
Sylvia Kristel, Dutch actress (1952)
Laura Cern, American actress (1964)
Puri Jagannadh, Indian director (1966)
Mira Sorvino, American actress (1967)
Mika Hkkinen, Finnish racing driver (1968)
Naomi Watts, Australian actress (1968)
Eric Lapointe, Canadian singer (1969)
Dita Von Teese, American artist (1972)
Jorge Guagua, Ecuadorian footballer (1981)
Ranbir Kapoor, Indian actor (1982)
Nolwenn Leroy, French singer (1982)
John Schwalger, New Zealand All Black rugby player (1983)
Mathieu Valbuena, French footballer (1984)
Hilary Duff, American singer and actress (1987)
Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress (1992)

Ils nous ont quitt un 28 September

George Buchanan, Scottish historian (1582)
Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general (1829)
Emile Gaboriau, french writer (1873)
Herman Melville, American writer (1891)
Louis Pasteur, French microbiologist (1895)
William Kennedy Dickson, Scottish inventor (1935)
Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (1953)
William Boeing, Founder of the Boeing Company (1956)
Harpo Marx, American comedian (1964)
Andr Breton, French poet (1966)
Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egyptian politician (1970)
John Dos Passos, American writer (1970)
Ferdinand Marcos, Filipino dictator (1989)
Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (1991)
Harry Saltzman, American producer (1994)
Mohammad Najibullah, Afghan politician (1996)
Pierre Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (2000)
Elia Kazan, American director (2003)
Ren Desmaison, French mountaineer (2007)
Arthur Penn, American director (2010)

: 28 September

Conservation of lemons


To keep a whole lemon, you can either dip it in a container filled with water changed daily, or put it in a dish filled with coarse salt.
To keep a started lemon, you can either sprinkle the cut part of salt, or put it in a dish with vinegar.

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Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed