30 May

1942 : Operation Millennium on the city of Cologne


On May 30, 1942, the British forces intensively bombed the city of Cologne in Germany in order to destroy its chemical industry. The city received 1,500 tons of bombs in 90 minutes. More than 1,000 bombers were sent to make sure the city's defenses would be overwhelmed by numbers and therefore to lessen the losses among the British planes.

1967 : Declaration of independence of Biafra


On May 30, 1967, Biafra, including several areas of south-east Nigeria including oil fields, declared independence because of the repression suffered by these populations from the central government.
In July 1967, the war was declared and Nigeria took over the oil regions leaving no resource to Biafra which suffered a major famine. 1 million people died of malnutrition. Biafra surrendered to Nigeria on january 1970.

1971 : Probe Mariner 9 sent to Mars


On 30 May 1971, the probe Mariner 9 was launched from the base of Cape Canaveral in Florida to Mars. It entered Mars's orbit in November 1971 and circled there for a year. It sent 7000 photos to the earth which increased considerably the understanding of the red planet.

1972 : Massacre at Lod Airport in Tel Aviv


On May 30, 1972, 3 members of the Japanese Red Army, acting on behalf of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, took Czech assault rifles from their violin cases and began to shot the crowd in the International Airport in Tel Aviv, Israel. 26 people were killed - including 16 Puerto Rican pilgrims - and 80 injured.

: 30 May

National day of the potato in Peru
May 30 is the national day of the potato in Peru.
Peru is the country of origin of potato which has been cultivated for 3000 years. The potato was imported in Europe in the sixteenth century where even if it was consumed by all classes of the population, was considered a solution to avoid famine.

: 30 May

Voltaire
As long as people believe in absurdities they will continue to commit atrocities.

: 30 May

Peter Carl Faberg, Russian jeweller (1846)
Roger Salengro, French politician (1890)
Howard Hawks, American director (1896)
Irving Thalberg, American producer (1899)
Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist and leading commander in the French Resistance (1907)
Benny Goodman, American jazz clarinetist (1909)
Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete and politician (1910)
Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1912)
Agns Varda, French director (1929)
Alexey Leonov, Russian cosmonaut (1934)
Bertrand Delano, French politician (1950)
Paresh Rawal, Indian actor (1950)
Ted McGinley, American actor (1957)
lise Lucet, French journalist and television host (1963)
Big L, American rapper (1974)
Steven Gerrard, English footballer (1980)
Blake Bashoff, American actor (1981)

Ils nous ont quitt un 30 May

Jeanne d'arc, French military figure (1431)
Charles IX, King of France during the Wars of religion (1574)
Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (1640)
Alexander Pope, English poet (1744)
Franois Boucher, French painter (1770)
Voltaire, French writer and philosopher (1778)
Wilbur Wright, American aviator, inventor of the first airplane, with his brother (1912)
Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize in Literature (1960)
Le Szilrd, Austro-Hungarian physicist (nuclear chain reaction, nuclear reactor) (1964)
Claude Rains, English actor (1967)
Marcel Dupr, French organist and composer (1971)
Michel Simon, Swiss actor (1975)
Tomasz Pacyński, Polish writer (2005)
Robert Sterling, American actor (2006)
Jean-Claude Brialy, French actor (2007)

: 30 May

Remove the smell of cigarette from your leather sofa


The leather absorbs the smell of cigarette and the smell does not fade with time, on the contrary.
Prepare a bowl with half white vinegar and half water.
Dampen a cloth in the bowl and pass on the entire surface of the sofa. If possible, remove the filling inside the cushions and spread the cloth on the other side of the leather. Wipe with a dry cloth. Sprinkle baking soda and vacuum off the next morning.
Your sofa can also be cleaned regularly with saddle soap.

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Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed