It happened one 31 May

1935 : Earthquake in India

On 31 May 1935, an earthquake of moment magnitude 7.7 struck the city of Quetta, India (now Pakistan). 40,000 people were killed and the area was severely destroyed.

1962 : Eichmann hanged in Israel

On 31 May 1962, the architect of the Nazi Final Solution against the Jews in Europe was hanged in Tel Aviv for crimes against humanity. Adolf Eichmann was personally responsible for identifying, gathering and transportation of millions of Jews to extermination camps. He had managed to escape at the end of the war but had been found and kidnapped by Mossad agents in Argentina where he had fled.

1970 : Earthquake in Peru

On 31 May 1970, an earthquake of moment magnitude 7.9 striked the coast of Peru Casma. A part of Mount Huascaran collapsed causing huge avalanches of ice, mud and rocks that destroyed the towns of Yungay and Ranrahirca. 66,000 people were killed. It was the largest natural disaster in Peru at that time.

2005 : The name of Deep Throat revealed

On May 31, 2005, the identity of Deep Throat, the informant of the Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein during the Watergate scandal in 1973 is revealed. This is Mark Felt, former FBI assistant director.
The survey of the journalists ended with the resignation of President Nixon.

Latest news : 31 May

World No Tobacco Day
On May 31 is World No Tobacco Day under the auspices of the World Health Organization. It is a day to understand the dangers of smoking during which one does not normally sell tobacco. 5 million people die from smoking each year.

Quote of the day : 31 May

Clint Eastwood
There's only one way to have a happy marriage and as soon as I learn what it is I'll get married again.

Birthdays : 31 May

Pierre Vergniaud, French politician (1753)
Walt Whitman, American poet (1819)
Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (1838)
Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (1852)
W. Heath Robinson, English illustrator (1872)
Saint-John Perse, French diplomat, Nobel Prize in Literature (1887)
Florence Desmond, English actress (1905)
Don Ameche, American actor (1908)
Alida Valli, Italian actress (1921)
Denholm Elliott, English actor (1922)
Rainier Grimaldi, Prince of Monaco (1923)
Clint Eastwood, American actor and director (1930)
John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (1931)
Jim Bolger, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1990-1997) (1935)
Terry Waite, English humanitarian (1939)
Sharon Gless, American actress (1943)
Rainer Fassbinder, German director (1945)
Laurent Gbagbo, 4th President of Côte d'Ivoire (1945)
John Bonham, English musician (Led Zeppelin) (1948)
Tom Berenger, American actor (1949)
Lea Thompson, American actress (1961)
Brooke Shields, American actress (1965)
Sandrine Bonnaire, French actress (1967)
John Connolly, Irish writer (1968)
Archie Panjabi, English actress (1972)
Colin Farrell, Irish actor (1976)
Eric Christian Olsen, American actor (1977)

They left us one 31 May

Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (1809)
Evariste Galois, French mathematician (1832)
Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician (1910)
Adolf Eichmann, German Nazi colonel, one of the major organizers of the Holocaust (1962)
Jacques Monod, French biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976)
Gaston Rébuffat, French mountaineer (1985)
James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (1986)
Raymond Davis, Jr., American physicist, Nobel laureate (2006)

Tip of the Day : 31 May

Training your puppy

A puppy, unlike a kitten, has not the slightest notion of cleanliness without education. Bringing up a puppy requires patience, determination and affection.
You must first know that a puppy needs to relieve himself often and at least every 2 hours, including nights.
When you are outside, you must study the precursors to any relief so as to identify them when you are inside.
It is better to spend as much as possible outside for the puppy to find natural to relieve himself there. Each time the puppy wakes up, has eaten, has finished playing, he must be taken outside. You should take him to a given place and you should not leave the place until the puppy has not done what he should do.
Whenever your pet eliminates in the right places, you should congratulate him.
You must install your puppy in a very comfortable place to sleep and his bed should not normally get dirty. You can also install a litter.
At night, whenever he moves, or at least every 2 hours, you must go outside with him. It's betterto put your alarm clock and you can always take turns to go outside. It can be binding, but it's like with a baby : a puppy is not able to control himself.
At dawn, carry him out so that he will not relieve himself as soon as the door is crossed.
If all this seems too binding, before adopting a puppy, there is still time to change your mind and take a kitten instead.

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