Es passierte an einem 03 December

1912 : End of the first Balkan War

On December 3, 1912, the first Balkan War ended with the signing of an armistice between Turkey, Bulgaria, Servia, Greece and Montenegro. Turkey lost all the territories of the Ottoman Empire located in Europe with the exception of Constantinople (Istanbul). The war resumed in early 1913 and ended with a second victory against Turkey. Also in 1913, the Second Balkan War began between Serbia and Greece on the one hand and Bulgaria on the other, which ended with the partition of Macedonia. Then the conflict between Serbia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire for the possession of Bosnia and Herzegovina was exacerbated until the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, which led to the beginning of the First World War.

1967 : First heart transplant

On December 3, 1967, the surgeon Christiaan Barnard performed the first heart transplant in history on a 53-year old patient, Lewis Washkansky, in Cape Town. The patient survived 18 days before dying of double pneumonia. Professor Barnard continued to improve his technique as well as anti-rejection drugs and 10 years later, his patients could survive several years with their new heart.

1984 : Explosion at a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India

On December 3, 1984, at 0:15, following a series of egregious errors, a violent explosion occurred in a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India. A highly toxic gas, the methyl isocyanate escaped from the factory and spread throughout the city. No alarm was given, no local authority was notified and no useful advice was given to the public. Nearly 4000 people were killed and more than 500,000 others poisoned, many with irreparable injuries.

1989 : End of the Cold War

On December 3, 1989, during a meeting between U.S. President George Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, off the coast of Malta, the two leaders made comments suggesting that the enmity between the two powers was to end which made say to all observers that the Cold War was over.

Tagesaktualität : 03 December

International Day of People with Disability
December 3 is International Day of People with Disability, proclaimed by the United Nations in 1992. This day reminds that people with disabilities have the right to dignity, education and work.

Zitat des Tages : 03 December

Robert Louis Stevenson
Keep your fears to yourself, but share your courage with others.

Geburtstage : 03 December

Joseph Conrad, English writer (1857)
Rajendra Prasad, First president of India (1884)
Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel prize Laureate (1886)
Khudiram Bose, Indian revolutionary (1889)
Nino Rota, Italian composer (1911)
Andy Williams, American singer (1927)
Jean-Luc Godard, French-Swiss director (1930)
Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (1933)
Joop Zoetemelk, Dutch cyclist (1946)
Diane Kurys, French director (1948)
Ozzy Osbourne, English singer (1948)
Franz Klammer, Austrian skier (1953)
Daryl Hannah, American actress (1960)
Julianne Moore, American actress (1960)
Katarina Witt, German figure skater (1965)
Brendan Fraser, Canadian-American actor (1968)
Christian Karembeu, French footballer (1970)
Holly Marie Combs, American actress (1973)
Marie Drucker, French journalist (1974)
Adam Małysz, Polish ski jumper (1977)
Anna Chlumsky, American actress (1980)
David Villa, Spanish footballer (1981)
Stephen Donald, New Zealand All Black rugby player (1983)
Amanda Seyfried, American actress (1985)
Alicia Sacramone, American artistic gymnast (1987)
Jake T. Austin, American actor (1994)

Sie haben uns verlassen 03 December

Claude Vernet, French painter (1789)
Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish writer (1894)
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French painter (1919)
Madeline Kahn, American actress (1999)
Glenn Quinn, Irish actor (2002)
Richard Todd, Irish English actor (2009)
Vue mer : crédit photo Aseed