15 September

1916 : First use of tanks in battle


On 15 September 1916 the British used tanks in a battle for the first time in history : the battle of the Somme. The first tanks were still too slow to hold the positions gained and were prone to breakdowns. This new weapon brought no real help for this battle in which 1,250,000 soldiers were killed for Allies to advance of 8km.

1935 : Nuremberg Race Laws adopted


On September 15, 1935, the Nuremberg racial laws took effect. German Jews were already not entitled to exercise a number of professions such as teaching, journalism and even medicine. With these laws, they lost their citizenship. They could not marry or have relations with "Aryans" anymore. Obtain basic necessities became extremely difficult for them.

1959 : Khrushchev goes to Hollywood


On September 15, 1959, during the Cold War and to the amazement of many people, the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev arrived in Washington with his family for a 13-day trip in the U.S.. Khrushchev believed that the two countries were too powerful to quarrel. After talks with Eisenhower, Khrushchev visited several states, particularly California. The studio Twentieth Century Fox invited him to see the filming of a scene from Can-Can (the choice seemed very unwise) at a lunch with all of Hollywood (Marilyn Monroe, ElizabethTaylor, Frank Sinatra, Gary Cooper, Henry Fonda, Tony Curtis ...).
Hollywood producers, who could not risk hiring writers who had political opinions too far left, fighted to be able to attend the luncheon.
Khrushchev then was very disappointed at not being able to go to Disneyland for security reasons, which made him joke : Why not? What is it? Do you have rocket-launching pads there?

1961 : Carla hit Texas


On 15 September 1961, the Category 5 hurricane Carla arrived in Texas and hit the state coast as a category 4 hurricane. Due to the evacuation of 500,000 people, only 43 people were killed; however the damage amounted to $ 2 billion.

1975 : Corsica divided into 2


On September 15, 1975, Corsica was divided into two departments: Corse du Sud and Haute Corse. In 2003, a referendum asked people to vote for the abolition of departments and more autonomy but a majority of people chose to keep the situation unchanged.

: 15 September

Independence days in Central America
September 15 is Independence Day in Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua which commemorate the independence they have gained against Spain on September 15, 1821.

: 15 September

Nikita Khrouchtchev
Politicians are the same all over. They promise to build bridges even when there are no rivers.

: 15 September

Franois de La Rochefoucauld , French writer (1613)
Jean Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer, Mayor of Paris (1736)
James Fenimore Cooper, American novelist (1789)
Porfirio Daz, 9th President of Mexico (1830)
William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (1857)
Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (1879)
Ettore Bugatti, French-Italian automobile designer (1881)
Agatha Christie, English writer (1890)
Jean Renoir, French director (1894)
Jacques Becker, French director (1906)
Fay Wray, American actress (1907)
Margaret Lockwood, English actress (1916)
Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist (1919)
Jackie Cooper, American actor (1922)
Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician (1926)
Shōhei Imamura, Japanese director (1926)
Murray Gell-Mann, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (1929)
Jessye Norman, American opera singer (1945)
Tommy Lee Jones, American actor (1946)
Oliver Stone, American director (1946)
Ed Solomon, American screenwriter (1960)
Josh Charles, American actor (1971)
Tom Dolan, American swimmer (1975)
Paul Thomson, Scottish musician (Franz Ferdinand) (1976)
Tom Hardy, English actor (1977)
Harry of Wales, Queen Elizabeth II's grandson (1984)
Aly Cissokho, French footballer (1987)

Ils nous ont quitt un 15 September

Andr Le Ntre, French landscape architect (1700)
Charles Pachelbel, German composer (1750)
Alessandro Rolla, Italian violinist (1841)
Thomas Wolfe, American writer (1938)
Andr Tardieu, French politician (1945)
Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (1978)
Robert Penn Warren, American poet (1989)
Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist (2006)
Richard Wright , English musician (Pink Floyd) (2008)
Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed