29 September

1941 : Babi Yar massacre


On September 29, 1941, the Germans began the massacre of Babi Yar near Kiev in Ukraine. The Germans had arrived in Kiev on September 19 and had asked the Jewish population to gather near the place called Babi Yar. For two days, German troops under the leadership of SS exterminated the Jews of Kiev and buried them in a ravine. Nearly 34,000 people were murdered in two days. The mass killings continued in the following months and an estimated number of 100,000 people were killed at Babi Yar.

1991 : Coup in Haiti


On September 29, 1991, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, elected only eight months earlier, was deposed by a coup of the army led by General Raoul Cedras and police chief Michel Franois and assisted by the CIA. President Aristide wanted to take action against the narco-traffickers, which was not the taste of the police chief, personally involved in this traffic at the highest level.

2004 : An asteroid passes close to Earth


On September 29, 2004, 4179 Toutatis, an Apollo-type near-Earth asteroid, went to 0.0104 AU (astronomical unit, distance earth sun) from Earth, which is about 4 times the distance from Earth to Moon. This asteroid has a chaotic and therefore unpredictable orbit and passes around Earth every four years.

2009 : Earthquake in Samoa


On September 29, 2009, an earthquake of moment magnitude 8.1 occured off the coast of Samoa. It was also felt in American Samoa, Fiji, Cook Islands, Tonga, French Polynesia and New Zealand. The following tsunami struck the coasts of Samoa with waves up to 14m. 189 people were killed and many more left homeless.

: 29 September

Horatio Nelson
Gentlemen, when the enemy is committed to a mistake we must not interrupt him too soon.

: 29 September

Tintoretto, Italian painter (1518)
Caravaggio, Italian painter (1571)
Franois Boucher, French painter (1703)
Horatio Nelson, Vice-Admiral of the British fleet and national hero (1758)
Guadalupe Victo, 1st President of Mexico (1786)
Elizabeth Gaskell, British writer (1810)
Enrico Fermi, American Italian physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics (1901)
Greer Garson, English actress (1904)
Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian director (1912)
Trevor Howard, English actor (1913)
Brenda Marshall, American actress (1915)
Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel Laureate (1920)
Steve Forrest , American actor (1924)
Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress (1931)
James Cronin, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (1931)
Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician (1935)
Mylne Demongeot, French actress (1935)
Silvio Berlusconi, Italian politician (1936)
Jean-Pierre Elkabbach, French journalist (1937)
Yves Rnier, French actor and director (1942)
Lech Wałęsa, 1st President of Poland, Nobel Peace Prize (1943)
Mike Post, American composer (1944)
Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile (2006-2010) (1951)
Sebastian Coe, English athlete (1956)
Philippe Caroit, French actor (1959)
Julia Gillard, 27th Prime Minister of Australia (1961)
Les Claypool, American musician (Primus) (1963)
Erika Eleniak, American actress (1969)
Oscar Sevilla, Spanish cyclist (1976)
Zachary Levi, American actor (1980)

Ils nous ont quitt un 29 September

Louis Faidherbe, French general (1889)
Emile Zola, French writer (1902)
Rudolf Diesel, Inventor of the diesel engine (1913)
Lon Bourgeois, French politician, Nobel Peace Prize (1925)
Willem Einthoven, Dutch physiologist, Nobel Prize in Medicine (1927)
Jean Aurenche, French screenwriter (1992)
Nguyen Van Thieu, Vietnamese politician (2001)
Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (2007)
Tony Curtis, American actor (2010)
Georges Charpak, French physicist, Nobel Laureate (2010)
Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed