Es passierte an einem 20 November

1820 : A whaler sank by a sperm whale

On November 20, 1820, 3000 km from the coast of South America in the Pacific, the American whaler Essex was attacked by the sperm whale it was pursuing. The quite enraged 80-ton whale sank the ship. The crew managed to escape on open boats but they ended up eating each other and very few men arrived on the coast.

1945 : Beginning of the Nuremberg Trials

On November 20, 1945, the trial of the main leaders of Nazi Germany began in Nuremberg before an international tribunal made ​​up of representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and France. The accused are charged with war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, deportation, extermination and conspiracy with intent to commit these crimes.

1947 : Elizabeth marries Philip Mountbatten

On November 20, 1947, Princess Elizabeth, eldest daughter of King George VI of England, married a distant cousin, Philip Mountbatten. She was 21 years old. She became Queen of the United Kingdom five years later, at the death of her father.

1968 : Explosion in a mine in West Virginia

On November 20, 1968, at 5:40a.m., an explosion occured in a coal mine near Monongay West Virginia. Several loud explosions followed the following hours. In front of the quantities of smoke and the risk of explosion, rescuers could not enter the mine. 78 miners were killed. After waiting 10 days and with no sign of survivors, rescuers had to seal the mine with the miners inside.

Tagesaktualität : 20 November

Universal Children's Day
November 20 is Universal Children's Day. This date was chosen an anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 20 November 1959 and the signing of the Convention on the Rights of the Child of 20 November 1989.
Revolution Day in Mexico
November 20 is Revolution Day (Día de la Revolución) in Mexico that commemorates the start of the 1910 Revolution led by Francisco Madero. The revolution put an end to the regime of dictator Porfirio Díaz, but provided years of civil war and cost the lives of hundreds of thousands of combatants and civilians.
Zumbi Day in Brazil
November 20 is the Day of Black Consciousness (Dia da Conscientious Negra) in Brazil, which commemorates the death of the last leader of the Quilombo dos Palmares, Zumbi dos Palmares, killed by the Portuguese on November 20, 1695. The Quilombo dos Palmares formed a community of black escaped slaves that the Portuguese colonists refused to accept.

Zitat des Tages : 20 November

Robert Kennedy
What is objectionable, what is dangerous about extremists, is not that they are extreme, but that they are intolerant. The evil is not what they say about their cause, but what they say about their opponents.

Geburtstage : 20 November

Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature (1858)
Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1886)
Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (1889)
Chester Gould, American cartoonist (1900)
Henri-Georges Clouzot, French director (1907)
Phyllis Thaxter, American actress (1921)
Nadine Gordimer, South-African writer, Nobel Prize in Literature (1923)
Robert F. Kennedy, American politician (1925)
Maya Plisetskaya, Russian ballet dancer (1925)
Edouard Leclerc, French businessman (1926)
Ruth Laredo, American pianist (1937)
Joe Biden, 47th Vice President of the United States (1942)
Joe Walsh, American musician (1947)
Richard Masur, American actor (1948)
Barbara Hendricks, American Swedish soprano (1948)
Bo Derek, American actress (1956)
Sean Young, American actress (1959)
Timothy Gowers, English mathematician, Fields Medal (1963)
Sabrina Lloyd, American actress (1970)
Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian poetess (1972)
Laura Harris, Canadian actress (1976)
Tusshar Kapoor, Indian actor (1976)
Dan Byrd, American actor (1985)

Sie haben uns verlassen 20 November

Pierre de la Rue, Flemish composer (1518)
Charles Plumier, French botanist (1704)
Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist, composer and conductor (1894)
Léon Tolstoï, Russian writer (1910)
Francis William Aston, English chemist, Nobel laureate (1945)
Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator (1975)
John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (1980)
Marcel Dalio, French actor (1983)
Sergei Grinkov, Russian figure skater (1995)
Robert Altman, American director (2006)
Lino Lacedelli, Italian mountaineer (2009)
Vue mer : crédit photo Aseed